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Reference Processing and Linking

Improve margins by enhancing usability

Parity Computing provides comprehensive high-accuracy reference processing capabilities, available as both licensed software systems and as outsourced services. These capabilities enable development of fully linked reference data, starting from publication databases and bibliographies in arbitrary formats. Parity's software and services can be customized to address specific client needs.

Parity reference processing systems are in use by multiple publishers and have been used to process many millions of references. References in IEEE Xplore, the ACM Digital Library, and Elsevier's Scopus have been linked using Parity technology.


  • Enhances the research functionality of a publisher's repository by enabling users to seamlessly navigate through reference hyperlinks.
  • Increases revenue by enabling users to quickly find relevant content.
  • Powers the development of powerful citation analysis and other ranking metrics.
  • Improves margins by enabling fast, accurate and automated reference linking instead of costly and time-consuming manual methods.

Parity Advantage

  • Extraction of references from full-text documents in a variety of formats.
  • Tagging references, handling the full range of reference types, formats, and XML/SGML targets.
  • Linking references to target metadata databases.
  • Automated reference correction systems leverage Parity's error-tolerant linking to automatically correct references in prepublication manuscripts.
  • Integration of linking with external data sources and services, including CrossRef, MEDLINE, and patent data.
  • Clustering references that cite the same publication, to add reference-linking information even when no matching item is available from target metadata databases.
  • Database merging and cleansing to link multiple target metadata databases, identifying any duplicate records.
  • Intra-linking of full-text references to corresponding bibliographic entries, enabling citation hyperlinking from within article text.
  • Software reliability and scalability, proven in integrated deployments with large diverse databases and systems.

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